The Philippine-American War (often called the Philippine Insurrection) was a savage war fought between the United States and the inhabitants of the Philippines in the period 1899-1902.
After the U.S. defeated Spain in the Spanish-American War in 1898, it acquired former Spanish colonies including the Philippine Islands. The Filipinos were expecting independence from the U.S. (previously anti-imperialistic in its policy) but suddenly found their country designated as an American colony.
The resulting war caused the death of hundreds of thousands of Filipinos, including many civilians, and was the forerunner of later U.S. guerilla wars in foreign lands such as the Vietnam War and the War in Iraq.
The war saw the systematic use of torture by American forces (particularly the “water cure”, which is now known as “waterboarding”).
The Philippine-American War caused great controversy in the U.S. Some Americans, such as the writer Mark Twain, took a stand against the war.
The Philippine-American War was an armed military conflict between the United States of America and the nascent First Philippine Republic, which arose from the Filipino political struggle against U.S. occupation of the Philippines. This conflict is also known as the Philippine Insurrection, historically the most common name used in the United States. However, Filipinos and some American historians refer to these hostilities as the Philippine-American War, and, in 1999, the U.S. Library of Congress reclassified its references to use this term.
The conflict officially ended on July 4, 1902. This was the end of the war as far as the United States and the Filipino elite were concerned. However, to the Filipino masses, who saw the war against the Americans as a continuing struggle for independence, the resistance lasted longer. Remnants of the Philippine Army and other resistance groups continued hostilities against American rule until 1913, and some historians consider these unofficial extensions as part of the war.